Address: Na Zátorce 20, Prague 6 (2019)

Born 06. 09. 1887
Last residence before deportation: Prague V
Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Prague V, Norimberská 32
Transport C, no. 193 (26. 10. 1941, Prague -> Łódź)
Murdered 12. September 1942 in Chelm

Melichar2In August 1940, the Melichars were forced to hand over their villa to the Auswanderungsfond für Böhmen und Mähren (Emigration Fund for Bohemia and Moravia). The fund was created six months earlier to give a cloak of legitimacy to the Nazi theft of Jewish property. Ema and Artur had to move into a flat in an apartment building and were told they would receive compensation for the villa once they had obtained their emigration permits. This was a hideous scam.
In October 1941, the couple were deported to the Lodz ghetto in one of the first transports to leave Bohemia. In autumn 1942, the Germans began the mass transport of prisoners to the Chelmno extermination camp, where mobile gas chambers had been introduced. Ema was murdered the day after she arrived at the camp, most likely on 12 September 1942. Along with about fifty Jewish women, she suffocated to death, gassed with carbon monoxide in a sealed van that drove from Chelmno to prepared mass graves in the forest.